A number of environmental agents are known to cause acute or subacute inhalation injury to the lung parenchyma. Indeed, emergency response guidelines for medical personnel describe toxic inhalation pneumonitis as a heterogeneous group of chemically induced injuries to the lung parenchyma as well as to the upper respiratory tract. The manifestations of such injury depend on the characteristics (e.g., solubility, composition) and the amount of the toxic compound or compounds inhaled.1 Much of what we know about toxic inhalation syndromes derives from high levels of exposure in either occupational settings (e.g., exposure to metals, solvents, acids, bases, ozone, phosgene, orhttps://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1912032?rss=mostViewed
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